Статьи журнала - Juvenis scientia

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"Как сообщает Гален...": галенизм в опыте автономизации телесной жизни

"Как сообщает Гален...": галенизм в опыте автономизации телесной жизни

Куксо К.А.

Статья научная

В статье проводится анализ культурно-антропологических влияний рецепции галеновского наследия в средневековой Европе. Исследуются связанные с ней воздействия физической медицины, развиваемой в классический период средневековой истории и ярко представленной Салернской врачебной школой, на различные области повседневности. Демонстрируется, каким образом культивируемые здесь приемы медицинского мышления и терапевтические практики вызвали актуализацию интереса к телесной жизни.

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"Чайный трактат" Лу Юя как доказательство существования чайной философии

"Чайный трактат" Лу Юя как доказательство существования чайной философии

Кукова Д.А., Сенюткина О.Н.

Статья научная

В статье рассматривается значение чайной культуры в истории Китая. Объектом исследования статьи является “Трактат о чае”, написанный в VIII веке китайским мыслителем Лу Юем. Данная работа - первый в Китае, и во всем мире, труд, посвященный чаю. «Трактат о чае» или «Чайный канон» сыграл немаловажную роль при династии Тан, а также всех последующих династиях, как источник, помогающий понять структуру чая, а также уметь его использовать. Через призму данного трактата в статье выясняется ответ на вопрос, почему же чайная культура стала неотъемлемой частью китайской культуры, а также китайским достоянием и отличительной особенностью.

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Accounting and tax risks of economic contracts

Accounting and tax risks of economic contracts

Akhmadieva Y.A., Aflyatunova G.R.

Статья научная

The article deals with theoretical aspects of accounting and tax risks of economic contracts, namely the risks associated with the party to the contract and the risks associated with the terms of the contract and their reflection in accounting statements. The authors examine the sources of risks regulation, mechanisms for managing these types of risks as well as give the examples of risks relating to each group. The application of a unified approach by developing algorithms for eliminating risks for each group of contracts is considered reasonable. Summarizing the article, the authors state that to assess the practical importance of algorithms for eliminating and minimizing the risks of economic contracts it is necessary to analyze the possibilities of applying these algorithms in practice. Based on the results of the analysis, recommendations on the application of these algorithms should be made for the companies.

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Analysis of approaches to the classification of tourism destinations

Analysis of approaches to the classification of tourism destinations

Umanskaya M.G.

Статья научная

The term “tourism destination” has been long ago adopted in tourism economics and analyzed in many theoretical and practical aspects. The article examines approaches to the classification of tourism destination through defining its major properties, constituting an amalgam of concepts such as: (1) a geographical location, (2) a bundle of tourism goods and services, (3) special tourism business environment and infrastructure, (4) an image perceived and adopted by consumers. The framework of four approaches provides extended understanding of the tourism destination versatility revealing in merging of tourism geography, marketing, management and motivation theory, thus both supply and demand sides of the tourism industry are covered. The study presents seven classifications, which are analyzed in terms of completeness, potential issues of typification and practical application. Extensions and examples for existing classifications are proposed.

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Colored grapes byproducts as the source for bio-active products

Colored grapes byproducts as the source for bio-active products

Gvinianidze T.N., Gvinianidze T.T., Chikovani P.M., Mindeli V.A., Djabnidze R.H.

Статья научная

The paper discusses grape peel as the source of biologically active materials and its canning methods. The research results confirmed that grape peel granules are characterized with great bacteriological stability and that the amount of phenolic complexes in it remains practically unchanged compared to the initial capacity. The technology of grape peel canning presented below is economically feasible and easy to realize. Granulated grape peel contains richest resources of biologically active substances for the food and pharmaceutical industry.

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Cоциально - экономическая адаптация и ее связь с уровнем благосостояния сельского населения

Cоциально - экономическая адаптация и ее связь с уровнем благосостояния сельского населения

Бушуева О.Н.

Статья научная

На основании социологических исследований, проведенных в сельских районах Алтайского края, Пензенской и Саратовской областях, был проведен анализ основных особенностей, тенденций и стратегий социально-экономической адаптации сельского населения. В ходе анализа была установлена взаимосвязь выбранных стратегий с социально-экономическими и социокультурными факторами. Определено, что социальная адаптация обеспечивает стабильность в изменяющимся современном обществе.

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Development of a model of the adaptive control of passenger flows in the city's road network

Development of a model of the adaptive control of passenger flows in the city's road network

Kbilashvili D.G., Lekveishvili G.A., Gogiashvili P.G., Chogovadze J.T., Dograshvili V.V.

Статья научная

The paper describes the conditions of the effective operation of urban passenger transport. Also, there have been explored the parameters of passenger flows on the bus routes, and the local areas with high intensity and density have been identified. The paper also presents the pattern of daily and hourly distribution of passenger flows on these areas, according to which a model of the adaptive control of transport has been developed, as well as the parameters of the effective functioning of this model have been assessed.

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Ecological awareness: theory, phenomenon and interpretation

Ecological awareness: theory, phenomenon and interpretation

Korotenko V.A.

Статья научная

The article provides a brief analysis of the phenomenology of environmental awareness, taking into account current research in an interdisciplinary field. Systematic approach to describe the phenomenon of environmental consciousness began to emerge in the second half of the twentieth century. Paradigmatic basis for his description was entrenched by this time the understanding that progressive environmental crisis exists, it causes in the dominant tehnotsentricheskom the process of human activity, and it can not be overcome without changing the dominant type of worldview universals and specific consciousness, are "psychological base" of ecological crisis. System of psychological and philosophical description of the ecological crisis was in the works White, Jonas, Atfild, Peccei, Schweitzer, Meadows, Heslov, and others. The key problem in this field of science was the study of the processes of development of ecological consciousness, which is considered, functional and sotsiogeneticheskom, ontogenetic and pedagogical aspects.

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Financing activities of modern universities - approaches, challenges, problems

Financing activities of modern universities - approaches, challenges, problems

Bojinov B.V.

Статья научная

The article examined the main approaches to the funding of universities and possible mechanisms for their subsequent efficient financial management. The main sources of funding for modern universities, are usually a mix of state funding other targeted grants, tuition fees and revenues from economic activity. The declining targeted budgetary resources for the financing of universities, and linking it to performance (quality, rating realization), forcing universities to seek alternative sources of financing, incl. and through the expansion of the international education market. The growing need for effective management of university assets and financial resources available has led many universities to seek expert management, both from the financial manager and through various elements of proven practices for effective corporate governance.

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Hyperledger-инструментарий разработки отраслевых блокчейнов

Hyperledger-инструментарий разработки отраслевых блокчейнов

Ганкин Н.М., Михейлис Д.А.

Статья научная

Отдавая должное тому, что сделано предшественниками, авторы тем не менее считают, что многие до сих пор не понимают и не могут по достоинству оценить весь потенциал блокчейн технологии. Возможность эффективного и безопасного использования информации сильно ограничена устаревшими технологиями баз данных, используемых повсеместно в настоящее время, поэтому актуальной является задача внедрения новых систем организации и хранения данных. Такой системой как раз является блокчейн, ведь он объединяет в себе как быстроту, так и надежность, что является главными критериями, при работе с важными данными. Данная статья посвящена такому актуальному вопросу, как использование технологии блокчейн для организации информационных платформ для компаний и бизнес-систем. Рассмотрены основные возможности технологии блокчейн на примере проекта Hyperledger. Данное исследование показало неоспоримое преимущество децентрализованной базы данных, над всеми другими системами хранения и использования данных, представленных в данный момент. Обобщая сказанное, можно сделать вывод, что за технологией блокчейна будущее, и всем компаниям, работающим с какими-либо данными, безусловно стоит задуматься о внедрении данной технологии в свою систему.

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IPSEC and SSL as solutions for the enterprise network security

IPSEC and SSL as solutions for the enterprise network security

Sichkar V.N.

Статья научная

When a company starts to build enterprise network, the information technology department always faces the question about which protocol to choose for building a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The answer is not obvious because each protocol has its own pros and cons. Priority of the selection of the protocol to build the VPN depends on specific criteria. These criteria can be the required type of access for users, the level of the network security, the level of data security, necessity of scalability for the network in future, etc. At the moment the most reliable protocols are considered to be Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) and Secure Socket Layer (SSL). This paper discusses and analysis the demand of using these protocols separately or simultaneously.

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Influence of ecological factors to articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis

Influence of ecological factors to articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis

Tashpulatova M.M., Akhmedov Kh. S.

Статья научная

This article presents results of a comparative analysis of the peculiarities of articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to the four areas of Uzbekistan. The study included 460 patients with a documented diagnosis of RA: I Zone is the northern region - Tashkent - 144 patients; II Zone is the western region - Khorezm region - 112 patients; III Zone is the eastern region - Namangan region - 104 patients and IV Zone is southern region - Surkhandarya region - 100 patients. The comparative analysis has shown that articular syndrome in RA in four different zones have certain differences. So, in II and IV areas known fact of predominance of fast progressive start, as well as more aggressive joint syndrome. The results of disperse analysis indicated degree of contamination of air and soil by xenobiotics. It depended on the clinical, radiographic and sonographic signs of articular syndrome in RA. It means that changes in the micro elementary composition of soil and air which depends on zone of residence of patients with RA in Uzbekistan contributes rate of progression of joint syndrome.

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Linguistic and pragmatic aspects of scientific and technical translation

Linguistic and pragmatic aspects of scientific and technical translation

Oorzhak A.V., Krapivkina O.A.

Статья научная

The paper touches upon the issue of scientific and technical translation, its linguistic and pragmatic aspects. The topicality of the work is determined by more and more increasing importance of scientific and technical translation in the context of contemporary science and industry development. The object of the research is the translation of scientific and technical articles. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that not all the issues of scientific and technical translation have been sufficiently investigated. The aim of the work is to identify the peculiarities of scientific and technical translation based on the Energy&Power journal paper translation analysis. The authors conclude that the quality of scientific and technical translation is due to not only knowledge of source and target languages but knowledge of special terms, stylistic features of target texts and deep understanding of the subject of translation.

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Macro-rhythmic analysis of R. M. Rilke’s prose (based on “the notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge”)

Macro-rhythmic analysis of R. M. Rilke’s prose (based on “the notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge”)

Sherstneva E.S.

Статья научная

The article provides survey of such problematic phenomenon as literary prose rhythm and its basic difference from cognominal notion in poetry. One of the structural aspects of prose organization in R. M. Rilke’s novel “The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge” is studied. This aspect is specifics of prose rhythm organization on macro-level. General objective laws for rhythmic organization are revealed. The author draws a conclusion that architectonics of the text is specified by the character of narration, rhythm of inner monologue ideas of the protagonist; switching from external reality description to interior feelings and emotions experienced by Malte and transition to author’s reminiscences.

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Meat products for baby nutrition enriched with natural mineral and vitamin supplements

Meat products for baby nutrition enriched with natural mineral and vitamin supplements

Karchava M.S., Berulava I.O., Kintsurashvili N.J., Ergemlidze T.D.

Статья научная

The article discusses the possibility of correction of preschool and school age nutrition status with the usage of local (Georgian) vegetable and mineral resources. The techniques of kids sausages and semi-processed minced meat productswith the usage of natural mineral and vitamin supplements of high bioavailability. As the mineral supplements the Lyophilic Concentrate of Georgian mineral water "Lugella" (CaCl2 10% Concentrate) are used for on the base of wheat bran, and as the vitamin supplement - the lyophilic concentrate of sweetbrier fruit extract, taken from the high mountainous regions, on the basis of starch. Chemical composition of food supplements has been established. Theoretical reasoning of the new technology of vitamin C is given. It is noted that the first time in the fruit of the sweetbrier and the filling of biologically active substances and its complement is to increase the value of vitamin C. It is shown that the vitamin supplement obtained by the proposed technology is characterized by 2,4 times higher containing of vitamin C, compared to the dry flour of the fruit. The influence of sodium nitride reduction in microbiological safety of children's sausages is also studied.

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Pattern recognition in the vision system

Pattern recognition in the vision system

Pelevin E.E., Balyasny S.V.

Статья научная

The article touches upon the issue of the edge detection of digital images in robotics and in other fields. Algorithms of the edge detection of the most often met images in static pictures are viewed as the target of research. In this paper, HOG-based characteristics are used to search for images of a human figure. When searching for faces in images, the most popular algorithm called Viola-Jones is used. To identify fingerprints, a correlation comparison and a special point comparison is used. It should be also noted that today the algorithms under discussion are used very often. The review of these algorithms has showed that they are sufficiently effective. The conclusions were drawn on the basis of the obtained results, and the branches of application of these algorithms, which are supported by the examples of processing various images, have been indicated.

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Peculiarities of customs logistics in the case of transportation in the limited space and time

Peculiarities of customs logistics in the case of transportation in the limited space and time

Kochadze T.P., Mamuladze R.M., Sharabidze D.G., Gudadze A.P.

Статья научная

In modern conditions, transport processes encompass not only the movement of goods from suppliers to consumers, but also a large amount of forwarding, information, customs and transactional processing operations on insurance, storage of transported goods. Transport process faces special difficulties, if it is restricted by the scope of border and customs procedures of several countries in the limited space and time. Implementation of modern principles of customs logistics in the practice of customs clearance of transport and goods in the limited space and time will allow us for improving significantly the organizational and economic sustainability of transport processes. The paper examines the trends in the use of customs logistics to simplify customs clearance of vehicles and goods in the case of transportation in the limited space and time.

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Public administration of the quality of higher education in the context of the norms of international quality standards: principle of orientation towards the customer

Public administration of the quality of higher education in the context of the norms of international quality standards: principle of orientation towards the customer

Moroz S.A.

Статья научная

The publication proves the possibility of using one of the principles of the international quality standard, namely the principle of customer orientation in the system of public administration of the quality of higher education. The article contains suggestions on how to improve the mechanism for the formation of the National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance by increasing the level of representation of those subjects which, by their status, can be attributed to customers of educational services in the field of higher education.

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Quantile metrics of risk assessment

Quantile metrics of risk assessment

Vidmant O.S.

Статья научная

Recently risk management has become an integral part of any company. It allows not only to reduce the uncertainty level of any business but also to expand the measures themselves due to the adaptation to various market factors. The author focuses on one of the most popular and recognized methods for risk prediction, VaR, and the distinctive features of its structure. The main characteristics of the reduced model are analyzed by discriminating the strengths and weaknesses.

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Russian post-soviet identity of southern Siberia inhabitants

Russian post-soviet identity of southern Siberia inhabitants

Aksyutin Yu. M.

Статья научная

In article axiological consideration and the analysis of a phenomenon of cultural value from a world and theoretical and methodological outlook of semantics, semantic approach is performed. Semantics is treated as philosophical understanding of the world, but not just structural section of semiotics. Value is by the main category of human being integrating and sublimating all its authentic - manifestations, corresponding to sense. Cultural value is of it by a practical objectivization on which creative basis the anthropogenous world of culture as the world of originally human being is constituted. It is noted that in the conditions of globalization cultural values define world development, its prospects also gain fatal character.

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